Franz Boas Papers 2015-2016 Milestone Report for SSHRC
INTRODUCTION: The Franz Boas Documentary Edition continues its dual mandate of collaboration with and return of intellectual property to indigenous communities where Franz Boas did his research and production of print and electronic thematic volumes of selected and annotated correspondence. The partnership between a major university press, the archive holding the documents, and Indigenous communities continues to prove productive. We have continued to hone the relationship among the partners. The Indigenous Advisory Council (IAC) has further developed its protocols and is planning at least one volume on Indigenous uses of Boas documents. With the aid of the Musgamagw Dzawada’enux Tribal Council, a broader network of British Columbia Indigenous communities is being developed that will persist beyond the life of the Project. The first volume of the documentary editions appeared in Sept. 2015.
THE DOCUMENTARY EDITION: Progress has been slow during the past year because of the need to develop a digital format compatible with the needs of the American Philosophical Society (APS), U. Nebraska Press and the Indigenous communities. The APS digitization has limited searchability and the Nebraska electronic edition will not be fully searchable; neither of these factors was anticipated in advance. We have planned our formats so that materials developed internally for our documentary editing team will ultimately be useful to all Partners (as supplement to published volumes, both electronic and in print; as enhanced searchability for APS digital scans; as searchable by locally appropriate categories within Indigenous communities.) We have now transcribed the majority of materials that will be needed by volume editors. Volume editors are now progressing much more rapidly in their work and several volumes should be forwarded to the Press in the coming year. Several of our volume editors have written or are writing scholarly papers that arise form their documentary work.
One of our recurrent difficulties has been translation. We have located a work study student who can do second reads on the Spanish letters re Boas in Mexico. We have been able to translate some of the German correspondence and continue to seek affordable ways of pursuing this.
PARTNERSHIP UPDATES: We have made a number of changes in personnel as the emphasis of the project has shifted from setting out the scope of the research on thematic volumes and the liaison with descendant communities in British Columbia to selection and annotation of documents and to finalizing decisions about document metatagging, storage and access.
Dr. Martin Levitt, initial signatory to the American Philosophical Society Partnership, has retired as the Society’s Librarian. His successor, Dr. Patrick Spero, is enthusiastic about continued (and expanded) support of the Boas Papers Project. Under his leadership, mutual engagements with the APS Centre for Native American and Indigenous Research are proceeding in a spirit of mutual reinforcement. CNAIR director Dr. Timothy Powell and his senior archivist Brian Carpenter continue to work closely with us on B.C. fieldwork and community engagement. We have developed a joint collaboration with the Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs in Vancouver. UBCIC represents most of the interior tribes and fleshes out the collaborations we have already established on Vancouver Island.
The University of Nebraska Press has worked closely with us to develop a mutually satisfactory format for the thematic volumes. The PD, PC/DE and Associate Director visited the Press for detailed negotiations. Supported by the APS Librarian we were authorized to modify the Press template in ways that facilitate use of Boas documentary volumes by both Indigenous and scholarly audiences. The Press defines electronic edition as an e-book, so we have also had to design digital formats for our editorial team and differ from those of both the Press and the APS. This has taken a great deal of time and energy over the past year but promises a “third product” not envisioned in the original Partnership Grant application but responsive to the expressed needs of our Indigenous partners and the Indigenous Advisory Council (IAC).
- Dr. Heidi Stark (Turtle Mountain Ojibwe), History, University of Victoria
- Dr. Dori Nason (Anishinabeg), English and Native Studies, University of British Columbia
- Johnny Mack (Nuu Chah Nulth), Law, Univ. of British Columbia
- Dr. Joshua Smith
New Editorial Advisory Board:
- Dr. Dmitri V. Arzutov, Anthropology, University of Aberdeen and Department of Siberian Ethnography, Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera), Russia.
- Dr. Han F. Vermeulen, Research Associate, Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology (Halle) and Max Planck Institute
- Dr. Timothy Bisha will not continue as managing editor due to inefficiencies arising from his location in St. Louis. The position is being absorbed within the responsibilities of the Project Coordinator/Digital Editor (PC/DE).
Dr. Marc Pinkoski has resigned as Communities Liaison. His responsibilities were based in Victoria where a number of Indigenous collaborators were students and our partnership with the university made it a convenient venue for periodic consultations and team meetings.
Dawn Nicolson, former director of our tribal council partner, has replaced Dr. Pinkoski . Her mandate is to extend the network of the Indigenous Advisory Council to include non-Kwakwaka’wakwcommunities in British Columbia and to develop community-appropriate mechanisms for vetting of materials proposed for publication and to advise on digital knowledge sharing.
Sam Cronk has now been hired full-time as Project Coordinator and Digital Editor. He is an ethnomusicologist and will also be a co-editor of at least one volume.
TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT: Because the APS Digital Library database includes insufficient metadata, their online letters are functionally unsearchable and do not meet the expressed needs of indigenous partners or the volume editorial teams. In response, PC/DE Sam Cronk has developed an Omeka database to store and share transcriptions of correspondence from the APS and other institutions. An effective workflow was implemented to transcribe, metatag and upload documents. Cronk worked this spring with Information and Media Studies graduate students at the University of Western Ontario, providing training for using an Omeka database and cataloguing archival documents. Database content available to all editors has also been significantly enriched by the digitization and transcription of documents shared by the American Museum of Natural History (Cronk and Moritz), the University of Washington (Smith), the Canadian Historical Museum (Moritz, Bain), and the Shetland Archives (Moritz).
Additional digital initiatives include an ongoing overhaul of the Franz Boas Papers website, launching a facebook page, and the development of digital complements (Digital Hub) for publications, including a Boas Wiki (with biographical information for each correspondent), and digitally enhanced maps. A full explanation of the Omeka Database and Digital Hub has been provided by the PC/DE through a series of workshops to editorial teams, project partners (including the University of Nebraska Press) and the IAC.
ORGANIZATION OF ACTIVITIES: Roles and Responsibilities of Key Team Members and Partner Organizations: New Communities Liaison Dawn Nicolson is serving as a connection between FBP project editors and staff and Indigenous communities, providing information and support especially with reference to community contacts and protocols.
The Musgamagw Dzawada’enuxw Tribal Council continues to support the work of Ryan Nicolson for the Project on their Behalf. Deanna Nicolson is now working on language revitalization and education. Ryan Nicolson received a research grant from the APS Phillips Fund. He sponsored a potlatch to present his work on place names, clan names and chiefly titles to the Kwakwaka’wakw communities. These are the key concerns that guide the annotation and digital footprint of the documentary volumes. Mikael Willie (Ol Siwidi) has used the support of the Boas Project presented at his potlatch in March 2015 to carry out his research on clan names and chiefly titles.
The PD, Chair and Co-Chair of the IAC, Associate Director, and several Victoria-based researchers attended the Potlatch. The Boas Project was recognized for its direct contribution to the potlatch. The PD accepted a Marianne Nicolson print and other gifts presented during the Potlatch in acknowledgement of this support. The APS presented all participants with copies of Boas-Hunt unpublished materials from their archives, as well as a manuscript dictionary. The reinstatement of traditional governance through the potlatch system relies heavily on research in the Boas papers and other ethnographic documents. The potlatch system is the best potential mechanism for all 17 Kwakwaka’wakw tribes to make collective decisions about material for the documentary edition. This potlatch plus the one a year earlier have moved us a long way toward this goal.
The Indigenous Advisory Council met in Washington in June and in Vancouver in December, 2015. The Indigenous Uses of Boas' Research volume(s) is being led by the IAC, with contributions coming from IAC members as well as other identified Indigenous scholars (i.e., Sarah Hernandez, Sicangu Lakota, PhD in English). It is anticipated this work will appeal to a broad academic and Indigenous community-based scholarly audience from the fields of Anthropology, English, Geography, History, Indigenous Studies, Political Science, and various interdisciplinary areas of inquiry. While some archival material will be reproduced in this publication, the overall composition will be more similar to the essays found in Volume 1.
KNOWLEDGE MOBILIZATION: The third year of the project has again produced multiple deliverables in scholarship and outreach activities foreshadowed in the application. The list below summarizes KM already underway.
Regna Darnell, Michelle Hamilton, Robert L.A. Hancock and Joshua Smith, eds. Franz Boas as Public Intellectual: Theory, Ethnography, Activism. Volume I: Franz Boas Papers: Documentary Edition. University of Nebraska Press, 2015.
- (with Frederic W. Gleach) eds. Corridor Talk to Culture History: Public Anthropology and its Consequences. Histories of Anthropology IX. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2015
- Applied Anthropology: Disciplinary Oxymoron? Weaver-Tremblay Address, Canadian Anthropology Society. Anthropologica 57: 1-11.
- Mind, Body and the Native Point of View: Boasian Theory at the Centennial of The Mind of Primitive Man. In R. Darnell et al, eds., Franz Boas as Public Intellectual. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press: 3-18.
- Ethnographic Conundra. Introduction to Franz Boas as Public Intellectual. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press: xi-xxvi.
- A Framing Introduction (to papers by A.F.C. Wallace, Martin Levitt and Timothy Powell). American Philosophical Society Transactions, September.
- (with Stephen O. Murray) Series Introduction to Han Vermeulen, Before Boas: The Genesis of Ethnography and Ethnology in the German Enlightenment. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
- (with Stephen O. Murray) Series Introduction to Susan Seymour, Cora DuBois: Anthropologist, Diplomat, Agent. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
- (with Stephen O. Murray) Series Introduction to Terry Barnhart, American Antiquities: Revisiting the Origins of American Archaeology. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
- Symbolic Immortality. 2nd edition, revised, expanded, with a new epilogue Seattle: University of Washington Press.
- Editor, Sharing Our Knowledge: the Tlingit and Their Coastal Neighbors, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2015
- Introduction. Pp. 1-38 In Sharing Our Knowledge: the Tlingit and Their Coastal Neighbors. Ed. by Sergei Kan. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2015
- To Study Our Past, Make Sense of Our Present and Develop Our National Consciousness: Lev Shternberg’s Comprehensive Program for Jewish Ethnography in Soviet Russia. Pp. 64-84 In Going to the People: Jews and the Ethnographic Impulse. Ed. by Dov-Ber Kerler and Jeffrey Veidlinger. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 2015
- The Falling-Out Between Alexander Goldenweiser and Robert Lowie: Two Personalities, Two Visions of Anthropology. Pp. 1-31 In From Corridor Talk to Culture History. History of Anthropology Annual, vol. 9. Ed. by Regna Darnell and Frederick Gleach. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 2015
- (Contributor) Say We Are Nations: Documents of Politics and Protest in Indigenous America since 1887. Edited by Daniel M. Cobb. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press
- Standing with Sol: The Spirit and Intent of Action Anthropology. In Anthropologica. V 57(2): 445-456. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2015
- Before Boas: The Genesis of Ethnography and Ethnology in the German Enlightenment. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2015
- Joshua Smith, “Last on the Warpath”: The Spirit and Intent of Action Anthropology. University of Western Ontario , Anthropology, 2015
- Ian Puppe, “Conduits of Communication: Monstrous Affections in Algonquin Traditional Terriroty. University of Western Ontario, Anthropology, 2015
Fellowships and Grants:
- Joshua Smith, SSHRC Post-Doctoral Fellowship, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
- Ryan Nicolson, American Philosophical Society Phillips Fund, Research Grant
- Ian Puppe, American Philosophical Society Phillips Fund, Research Grant
- Evan Habkirk, Association for Documentary Editing, grant to attend summer workshop
Conference and Workshop Presentations
- Indigenous Uses of Boas’ Correspondence, Will the Real Franz Boas Please Stand Up? Symposium, UWO, October 2015
- Land Claims in British Columbia Title and Rights Workshop, Merritt, BC, 2016
- (with Mandy Jimmie) Nłeʔkepmxcin Place Names in Historic Records, nkshAytkn gathering (Our Relations), Merritt, BC, 2016
- Roundtable - Emerging Anthropologies, Public Anthropology and the Social Project
Society for Applied Anthropology Conference, Vancouver, BC, 2016
- ‘Idolatry of the Nation’: Rereading Boas, Manuel Gamio and Ezequiel Chavez, Will the Real Franz Boas Please Stand Up? Symposium, UWO, October 2015
M. Sam Cronk
- Digital Hub and Omeka Database Workshops, Will the Real Franz Boas Please Stand Up? Editors Workshops and Symposium, UWO, October 2015
- Haudenosaunee Womens’ Singing Societies in the Time of #IdleNoMore, Society for Ethnomusicology, Austin Texas, December 2015
- First Nations Community-Research Partnerships in Negotiating Standards. Making Standards. Workshop organized by Janice Graham. Dalhousie University. Spring 2016
- We Live in Interesting Times and That’s OK. No Fly Zones and Molotov Cocktails. Graduate Student Conference, Centre for Theory and Criticism and Comparative Literature, UWO. Spring 2016
- Foreshadowing Biocultural Synthesis: From Anthropometry to Plasticity. Will the Real Franz Boas Please Stand Up? Symposium, University of Western Ontario, London. 2015
- Reconciliation, Resurgence and Revitalization: Collaborative Research Protocols with Contemporary First Nations Communities. Resurgence and Reconciliation. Workshop organized by Jim Tully. Victoria. 2015
- On the Occasion of the Truth and Reconciliation Report: Toward a Dialogue on Politics, Land Rights and Indigenous Point of View. Halifax. 2016
- The Boas Papers Project and Public History, Will the Real Franz Boas Please Stand Up? Symposium, UWO, October 2015
- Content Over Worldview: The History of First Nations Content into the Ontario Social Studies and Canada and World Studies Curriculum, 6th Annual Robert Macmillan Graduate Research in Education Symposium, London, Ontario, 1 April 2015.
- Creating Partnerships: Six Nations, the GWCA, and the Production of Wartime Narratives, Tri-Universities History Conference, Waterloo, Ontario, 7 March 2015.
- Transcriptions and Archival Organization: The Franz Boas Paper Documentary Edition - Will the Real Franz Boas Please Stand Up?: Editor’s Workshop, October, 2015.
Robert L.A. Hancock
- Colloquium, University of Victoria: "Franz Boas Lives on the North Pacific Coast”, Nov. 2015
- The Boasian Promise, Will the Real Franz Boas Please Stand Up? Symposium, UWO, October 2015
- Paradigms for Community Based Research, Will the Real Franz Boas Please Stand Up? Symposium, UWO, October 2015
- Franz Boas and Soviet Russia – Twenty Five Years of Hopes, Illusions and Ambivalence, Will the Real Franz Boas Please Stand Up? Symposium, UWO, October 2015
- and Qwalqwalten (Garry John). 2015. T’aks ta amha swa7 (A good quality of life): Living, Governing and Protecting the St’át’ímc Way of Life in the Fraser River Valley. Presentation at the 2015 CICADA Conference, Oct 23-27, Quebec. (to be published)
- From Baffinland to the Northwest Coast Via Berlin: Franz Boas, Friedrich Ratzel, Adolf Bastian and the Development of an ‘Ecological Approach’ for Ethnography. Executive Session paper presented at the American Anthropological Association (AAA), November 17th, 2015
- What happens to one part impacts the other parts': Invisible Entanglements in the St'át'imc Salish Fishing Way of Life. Paper presented at the Eleventh Conference on Hunting and Gathering Societies (CHAGS) September 7-11, 2015, Vienna, Austria.
- The Familiar and Strange in Remaining ‘Native’ and Becoming an Anthropologist: Celebrating Dr. Beatrice Medicine’s Contributions to Anthropology. Roundtable discussion at the 2015 American Anthropological Association Annual Meeting, Denver, CO.
- ‘Dear Dr. Boas’: The Collaboration and Contribution of Ella Cara Deloria and Franz Boas. Delivered at the 2015 American Anthropological Association Annual Meeting, Denver, CO.
- Lakota Culture and Spiritual Experience: Applying Hallowellian Notions of Phenomenology and Ontology to Nineteenth-Century Lakota Belief and Ritual. Delivered at the 2015 Plains Anthropological Conference, Iowa City, IA.
- The Social Organization of Contemporary Oglala Lakota Religion.” Delivered at the 2015 Central States Anthropological Society Annual Meeting, St. Paul, MN.
- Reconciliation and/or Resurgence: Emerging Research Pathways -- two-day Roundtable participant, National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation, Winnipeg, Manitoba, March 9-11, 2016.
- Colonial Criminalities: The Making of the Savage in Lawless Lands -- Invited keynote for the Women’s Networking Brunch sponsored by the Committee on Gender and Sexuality Studies, American Studies Association Annual Meeting, Toronto, Ontario. October 7-11, 2015.
- Toward a Relational Paradigm: Four Points for Consideration (Power, Gender, Mobility, Technology), co-presented with Gina Starblanket for Reconciliation and Resurgence: Dialogues on the work of James Tully, Michael Asch and John Borrows, First Peoples House, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, September 18-19th
- Treaties, for Treaties and Alliances Panel and Discussion, University of Victoria Native Student Union Resurgence Week, Victoria, British Columbia, February 26, 2015
- Rethinking Treaty Remedies through the lens of Relationships,” for Treaty Right(s): Rethinking Indigenous Treaties, Victoria, British Columbia, January 16-17, 2015
- Political Thinking Across Ontologies? Paper presented at Alternative Cosmologies and Knowledge Systems in International Relations, WISC-IRIIS conference, New Delhi, India. January, 2016
- Relationality and Perspective in the Quichua Concept of Runa: Interrogating the Non/Human in Cross-Cultural Perspective. Paper presented at Human Being Human, Cultural, Social, and Political Thought Programme Graduate Student Conference, University of Victoria, British Columbia, 2015
- Sovereign Anthropologies: Boas, Indian Law, and Indian Policy in the Interwar Years, Will the Real Franz Boas Please Stand Up? Symposium, UWO, October 2015
- ‘Last On the Warpath’: The Spirit and Intent of Action Anthropology. Dartmouth College. Department of Anthropology and Native American Studies. New Hampshire- April 2016
- Sovereign Anthropologies: The Americanist Tradition, Ethnography and Indian Law in the Interwar Period. Executive Session, A Familiar Stranger: Franz Boas in Contexts. American Anthropological Association. Denver- Nov. 2015
- Decolonizing Anthropologies in Canadian Anthropology: Reflections on Relations, Resistances and Resurgences for Contemporary Canadian Anthropologies. Canadian Anthropology Society. Quebec City – May 2015
- Public Anthropology in Canada (Roundtable). Canadian Anthropology Society. Canadian Anthropology Society, Quebec City – May 2015
- Social media outreach: https://www.facebook.com/franzboaspapers/?fref=ts
- Web-site undergoing revision: http://www.franzboaspapers.uwo.ca
- Potlatch presentation March 2016
- New course taught at University of Victoria by Dr. Robert L.A. Hancock, Summer 2015- ANTH 393-A02 SELECTED PROBLEMS IN CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY: Anthropologists in Indigenous Communities, https://www.uvic.ca/socialsciences/anthropology/assets/docs/short-course-descriptions/ANTH_393_A02_IndiginousCommunities_Hancock.pdf
- A symposium/book launch and volume editors’ workshop for the first volume of the FBP was held at the University of Western Ontario in October 2015, co-sponsored by The Franz Boas Speaker Series, The McIntosh Gallery and Public Humanities Western. The Chief of Saugeen First Nation welcomed speakers and guests to Anishinaabeg, Haudenosaunee and Lenape traditional territory, followed by eight speakers (Hamilton, Hill, Bain, Smith, Hancock, Casteneda, Darnell, Kan). Dr. Matt Bokovoy from the University of Nebraska Press and Dr. Patrick Spero from the American Philosophical Society also attended. Western’s president, Dr. Amit Chakma, hosted a reception for the participants. Local news coverage was considerable, and Dr. Hancock’s participation was acknowledged by a book launch at the University of Victoria.
Ongoing KM Priorities:
- Expansion of the Indigenous Advisory Council to include additional communities.
- Develop more extensive consensus protocols for the Aboriginal Council members to identify culturally sensitive materials, convey community needs and priorities to the project team, and build community capacity by participating in all stages of the research and publication.
- Ongoing Communication with communities and institutions via the new Communities Liaison staff position.
- Use the Web-site and social media to highlight team members’ activities, related publications and archival resources, queries about the location of documents in other archives.
- Continue to arrange working meetings of team members at conferences at least once each year: NAISA for IAC; American Anthropological Association editors’ breakfast meeting for 2nd year; less formally at American Society for Ethnohistory and Canadian Anthropology Society. Sessions and/or papers were given at all of these venues by team members on the Boas Project. These small meetings targeted to particular editorial or community issues have proved more effective than a single annual meeting which is only feasible in Victoria.
- Continued conference presentations and publications by HQP and Co-I’s/Collaborators with maximum participation from Indigenous participants. The IAC is preparing a volume on Indigenous uses of the Boas Papers.
- Academic courses concerning Boas and the context of his work (in Anthropology) and in documentary editing (in Public History)
- Continue to develop innovative research and digital humanities tools that will serve as a model for future documentary editing projects. Ensure that our digital products will be available to Indigenous and scholarly audiences after the conclusion of the Partnership Grant.
- Interdisciplinary dissemination to multiple academic audiences in Anthropology, History, Native Studies, Education, History of Science, Law and others as opportunities arise.
- Continue Franz Boas Speaker Series
PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION: Acceptance by the Association of Documentary Editing of a roundtable Panel (Susan Hill, Angie Bain, Joshua Smith, Sam Cronk, Evan Habkirk) at their upcoming annual conference (New Orleans, Aug 2016), and invitation of Smith and Cronk to join two additional roundtable discussions.
Acceptance and recent presentation (May 2016) of panel presentation about Franz Boas at NAISA (Native American and Indigenous Studies Association) by members of the IAC.
Other potential measures of success include:
- A 15-20 volume documentary edition of the Franz Boas Papers as a scholarly resource aimed primarily at research libraries and Aboriginal communities.
- Ongoing support and interest from Indigenous communities.
- Ongoing support and interest from interdisciplinary academic communities.
- Ongoing support for undergraduate and graduate students for research training and to present research and pursue further studies on related topics.
- A diverse and interdisciplinary team that includes a significant percentage of Indigenous team members throughout all levels of the project, from transcription to volume editing.
- Regular production of volumes which cover a wide range of topics and make a broad range of documents available.
- The ongoing development and expansion of a comprehensive document database that will serve as not only a crucial research tool but also a model for future documentary editing projects.
We continue to leverage our work with other research projects. Our work dovetails with that of the APS Endangered Languages Committee and members of our team will attend their conference in the coming year. We have supported the digitization and the establishment of CNAIR. Our long-term contributions to the APS in digital access, dissemination and searchability will enhance the value of APS resources for our Indigenous community collaborators. The Boas Project has supported Indigenous scholars to come to the APS (e.g., Ryan and Deanna Nicolson). This is particularly important while CNAIR is still seeking full endowment funding.
The APS has obtained funding for an updated digital catalogue of their Native American resources. Digitization of the Boas professional papers (correspondence) undergirds the intention to digitize as much as possible of the manuscript holdings in the ACLS collection held by Boas at the time of his death. The catalogue will correct errors in existing microfilm and digital scans.
We continue to pursue linkages to German scholars and hope to join them in funding applications for location, digitization and translation of Boas materials in German, still located in Germany (e.g., through the German Research Council). We are still seeking affordable translation for German documents in the APS collections that should be included in the documentary edition.
The suitability and significance of our activities has followed the template laid out in the Partnership proposal. The outputs in terms of training HQP, conference papers, publications and enhanced Aboriginal community connections continue to be more than we had planned for in the 2nd year of the project. These facets of the project, and the individual volumes of the documentary edition, will not move forward in lockstep. Each part of the project has its own trajectory and the PD will keep the pieces in communication. Our annual workshops at conferences and in B.C. will integrate these different parts of the work and allow us to continually assess the interim and final objectives of the project from the point of view of different Partners, team members, and consultants.
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